The first thing in making a garden is the selection of a place. Without options, it means just doing the best one can with conditions. With limited space, it becomes neither a garden, nor a square garden. Surely a box garden is better than nothing.
But now we will consider that it is possible to really choose the right site for the garden. What will be chosen? The biggest determining factor is the sun. No man shall have the north corner, unless it is strictly imposed upon him; because, while the north corner is suitable for ferns, certain wildflowers, and begonias, they are not used much as a place for public gardens.
If possible, choose an ideal spot for a southern exposure. Here the sun shines warm all day long. When the garden is so situated the rows of vegetables and flowers must run north and south. Placed thus, the plant receives sunlight all morning on the east side, and all afternoon on the west side. One should not have slanted plants with such an arrangement.
Suppose the garden faces southeast. In this case the western sun is out of trouble. To get the best sun distribution, run the northwest and southeast rows.
The idea is to get the most even sunlight possible for the longest period of time. From the sloping growth of window plants, it is quite easy to see the effect on plants with poor light distribution. So if you use a little diagram to remember that you want the sun to shine part of the day on one side of the plant and part on the other, you can handle any situation. The southern exposure provides the ideal case because the sun gives half-lives to nearly every side. The northern exposure can mean almost the entire cut-off of the sun’s rays; whereas the northeast and southwest places always get an uneven distribution of sunlight, no matter how carefully this is planned.
The garden, if possible, should be planned on paper. This plan is especially helpful when the actual planting time comes. This saves time and there is no need to buy seeds.
New garden spots are likely to be found in two conditions: they are covered with grass or with litter. In a large area of the garden, the land is plowed and the soil is turned over; but in small gardens remove the soil. How to best remove the soil is the next question. Pegs and lines from garden spots. Lines provide accurate and straight directions to follow. Cut the edges with a shovel along the line. If the area is small, say four feet by eighteen or twenty feet, this is an easy matter. Such narrow strips can be marked like a chessboard, the ground is cut with a shovel, and is easily removed. This can be done in two long strips cut lengthwise from the strip. When the grass is mowed, roll it up like a carpet roll.
But suppose the garden plot is large. Then divide into pieces one foot wide and remove the soil as before. What to do with the land? Don’t throw it away because it’s full of wealth, even if it’s not quite in the form it’s available in. So pack the grass turf sides in one box on top of the other. Let it rot and weather. When it rots it makes a fine fertilizer. Such a pile of rotting vegetables is called a compost pile. Throughout the summer add any dark green vegetables to it. In the fall, wear autumn leaves. A lot of goodness is being fixed for the next season.
Even when the garden is large enough to plow, I will choose the largest piece of soil over turning it over. Go to the plowed room, pick up the pieces of soil, shake them well and pack them in a compost heap.
Just spading the ground is not enough. The ground is still lumpy. Always as a shovel one has to break up large lumps. But even so the land is not suitable for cultivation. The soil must be very fine for planting, as the seeds can get very close to the fine particles of the soil. But large lumps leave large spaces that small root hairs cannot penetrate. A seed is left stranded in complete waste when planted in a lump of earth. A baby surrounded by large chunks of steak will starve. The seeds among the large lumps of earth were in a similar situation. A shovel can never do the job of destroying this land. But the rake can. That’s the value of the rake. This is a big lump breaker, but won’t do for big bumps. If the soil still has large lumps in it, take a hoe.
Many people handle the hoe awkwardly. The main job of this tool is to clean the soil from weeds and mix the top surface. It is used in the summer to form a dust mulch which.